Mars Crater Catalog v1 Salamunićcar
Initially, a catalogue of 17,582 Martian craters has been developed for objective evaluation of crater detection algorithms (CDAs; Salamuniccar and Loncaric, 2008a). After that, catalogues by Barlow, Rodionova, Boyce, Kuzmin, and from the previous work have been integrated, resulting in the catalogue with 57,633 craters (Salamuniccar and Loncaric, 2008b). At the next step, a method for crater detection from digital topography data using gradient value/orientation, morphometry, vote analysis, slip tuning, and calibration have been developed and applied to Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter (MOLA) data, resulting in the catalogue with 115,225 craters (Salamunićcar and Lončarić, 2010).
The next catalogue with 130,301 craters (Salamunićcar et al., 2011) is the result of: (1) overall merger of the previous catalogue with 115,225 craters and the Stepinski catalogue containing 75,919 craters; (2) 2042 additional craters found using Shen–Castan based CDA from the previous work and MOLA data; and (3) 3129 additional craters found using CDA for optical images from the previous work and selected regions of Mars Digital Image Model (MDIM), Thermal Emission Imaging System daytime thermal infrared (THEMIS-DIR), and Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbital Camera (MOC) datasets. At the last step, using a Crater Shape-based interpolation crater detection algorithm and MOLA data, the catalogue has been extended with 2542 craters, resulting in the MA132843GT catalogue of 132,843 Martian impact craters (Salamunićcar et al., 2012).
MA132843GT Martian crater catalogue merges 57,633 craters from the manually assembled catalogues, and 75,210 additional craters identified using several CDAs. This catalogue is complete up to ∼D≥2 km, and for each crater provides at least latitude, longitude, and diameter. In Excel version all attributes from manually assembled catalogues are additionally included, as well as properties computed from the topography (e.g. depth-diameter ratio).
Mission and Instrument Information:
2001 Mars Odyssey launched on April 7, 2001, and arrived at Mars on October 24, 2001 as part of NASA's Mars Exploration Program, a long-term effort of robotic exploration of the red planet. It carries three star cameras, the Mars Radiation Environment Experiment (MARIE), which measures the near-space radiation environment as related to the radiation-related risk to human explorers, the Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS), which maps the mineralogy of the martian surface using a high-resolution camera and a thermal infrared imaging spectrometer, and the Gamma-Ray Spectrometer (GRS), which maps the elemental composition of the surface and determine the abundance of hydrogen in the shallow subsurface (PDS IMG, 2018).
The part of the THEMIS imaging system that takes pictures in visible light is able to show objects about as big as a semi-truck. This resolution helps fill in the gap between large-scale geological images from the Viking orbiters in the 1970s and the very high-resolution images from the currently orbiting Mars Global Surveyor (NASA, 2019).
Mars Global Surveyor was the first successful U.S. mission launched to Mars since the Viking mission in 1976. After a 20-year absence at the planet, Mars Global Surveyor ushered in a new era of Mars exploration with its five science investigations including the Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter (MOLA). The MOLA created the most accurate global topographic map of any planet in the solar system, giving scientists elevation maps precise to within about 30 centimeters (1 foot) in the vertical dimension (NASA JPL 2010).
NASA's Viking Mission to Mars was composed of two spacecraft, Viking 1 and Viking 2, each consisting of an orbiter and a lander. The primary mission objectives were to obtain high resolution images of the Martian surface, characterize the structure and composition of the atmosphere and surface, and search for evidence of life.
The Viking Landers transmitted images of the surface, took surface samples and analyzed them for composition and signs of life, studied atmospheric composition and meteorology, and deployed seismometers. The Viking 2 Lander ended communications on April 11, 1980, and the Viking 1 Lander on November 13, 1982, after transmitting over 1400 images of the two sites (Williams, 2018).
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) (2019). Mars Odyssey. THEMIS. https://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/odyssey/mission/instruments/themis/
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) (2010). Mars Global Surveyor. https://mars.nasa.gov/mgs/overview/
Planetary Data Systems (PDS) Cartography and Imaging Sciences (IMG) (2018). 2001 Mars Odyssey. https://pds-imaging.jpl.nasa.gov/portal/odyssey_mission.html
Salamunićcar, G., Lončarić, S., & Mazarico, E. (2012). LU60645GT and MA132843GT catalogues of Lunar and Martian impact craters developed using a Crater Shape-based interpolation crater detection algorithm for topography data. Planetary and Space Science, 60(1), 236-247. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.pss.2011.09.003
Salamunićcar, G., Lončarić, S., Pina, P., Bandeira, L., & Saraivac, J. (2011). MA130301GT catalogue of Martian impact craters and advanced evaluation of crater detection algorithms using diverse topography and image datasets. Planetary and Space Science, 59(1), 111-131. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.pss.2010.11.003
Salamunićcar, G., & Lončarić, S. (2010). Method for crater detection from Martian digital topography data using gradient value/orientation, morphometry, votes-analysis, slip-tuning and calibration. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 48(5), 2317-2329. http://doi.org/10.1109/TGRS.2009.2037750
Salamunićcar, G., & Lončarić, S. (2008a). Open framework for objective evaluation of crater detection algorithms with first test-field subsystem based on MOLA data. Advances in Space Research, 42(1), 6-19. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.pss.2008.09.010
Williams, D. R. (2018). Viking Mission to Mars. https://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/viking.html
- Goran Salamunićcar
- Publication Date
- 1 January 2012
- Goran Salamunićcar
- Sven Lončarić, Erwan Mazarico, Pedro Pina (for previous MA130301GT), Lourenço Bandeira (for previous MA130301GT), José Saraiva (for previous MA130301GT)
- PDS, MRCTR
- Added to Astropedia
- 2 January 2014
- 21 January 2020
The catalogue can be used for evaluation of crater detection algorithms (CDAs) and other planetary science studies.
- Geospatial Data Presentation Form
- Vector Data, Digital Elevation Model, Database
- Native Data Set Environment
- ESRI Arcinfo
- Supplemental Information
- http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pss.2011.09.003, https://pds-imaging.jpl.nasa.gov/volumes/viking.html#vkoHRDIM, https://pds-imaging.jpl.nasa.gov/portal/vikingo_mission.html, https://pds-imaging.jpl.nasa.gov/volumes/ody.html, https://pds-imaging.jpl.nasa.gov/portal/odyssey_mission.html, https://themis.asu.edu/, http://pds-geosciences.wustl.edu/missions/mgs/moc.html
- Craters, Geographic Information System (GIS), Geology, Image Processing
- Mars Odyssey, Mars Global Surveyor, Viking
- THEMIS, MOLA, MOC
Contact and Distribution
- Access Constraints
- Access Instructions
- GIS application needed for viewing files.
- Use Constraints
- Please cite authors
Data Status and Quality
- Time Period of Content Begin
- 25 December 2005
- Time Period of Content End
- 4 July 2010
- Currentness Reference
- Publication date
- In Work
- Update Frequency
- As needed
- Logical Consistency Report
- Coordinates and diameters are consistent with all data sets used (topographic as well as optical).
- Completeness Report
This catalogue is complete up to ∼D≥2 km.
- Process Description
In short, craters from all previous manually created catalogues and numerous additional craters detected using CDAs have been integrated into the single catalogue. In details, it is described in  and preceding publications.
- Horizontal Positional Accuracy Value
- Horizontal Positional Accuracy Report
- Accurate to Control Net
- Vertical Positional Accuracy Value
- Vertical Positional Accuracy Report
- Accurate to Control Net
- Entity and Attribute Overview
- Latitude, Longitude, Radius
- Entity and Attribute Detailed Description
- Latitude system is planetocentric. Longitude is positive East. Radius is in kilometers and degrees.
- PDS Status
- PDS 4 In Progress
- Source Originator
- The Planetary Data System
- Source Title
- THEMIS, MOC, MDIM2.1
- Source Online Linkage
- http://pds-geosciences.wustl.edu/missions/mgs/mola.html , http://pds-geosciences.wustl.edu/missions/mgs/moc.html , http://pds-geosciences.wustl.edu/missions/mgs/index.htm
- Type of Source Media
- Attribute Accuracy Report
- Accurate to Control Net
- Location Description
- Minimum Latitude
- Maximum Latitude
- Minimum Longitude
- Maximum Longitude
- Direct Spatial Reference Method
- Object Type
- Quad Name
- Radius A
- Radius C
- Control Net
- Pixel Resolution (meters/pixel)
- Horizontal Coordinate System Units
- Map Projection Name
- Simple Cylindrical
- Latitude Type
- Longitude Direction
- Positive East
- Longitude Domain
- -180 to 180