Iapetus Voyager Image Control Network (RAND)
This page has been created as part of a project to put planetary control networks on the web. This control network for Saturn’s moon, Iapetus, originated from Merton Davies and Tim Colvin at the RAND Corporation and was provided to the USGS in 2000. The control network solution was originally performed with software developed at RAND, and documented by Colvin (1992). It has been converted into files that could be used with (successively) the RAND/USGS Planetary Geodesy (RUPG) Software, and the USGS ISIS2 software (using the application, described by Edmundson et al. 2012). Each control network is essentially a set of photogrammetric solution (input and output) files. The input files consist of, aside from a priori information, measurements of common points (control points, sometimes called tie points) on images of a planetary body. The output files include the body coordinates of the control points in latitude, longitude, and radius, and revised orientation information (camera pointing) for the images. The primary use of such information is for the creation of image mosaics of the planetary body. However, these solutions can also provide fundamental data on the size and shape of the body, its rotation period, and the direction of its polar axis in space. The control point coordinates also usually serve as a coordinate reference frame that defines the fundamental coordinate reference system for the body in question. Formatting of this control network data for Saturn’s moon, Iapetus, has been updated for compatibility with the USGS ISIS2 cartography software. This network consists of 462 control points and incorporates 27 images from the Voyager I and II missions (Davies and Katayama, 1983). This release is comprised of data from original RAND control network solutions, the ISIS2 qmatch-formatted control network, Voyager I and II images (processed to the ISIS2 format), ISIS scripts to process PDS (.imq) images into ISIS2 formats, and file-format description files.
Davies, M. E.; Katayama, F. Y. (1983), Davies, M. E.; Katayama, F. Y. (1983), The control network of Iapetus, Icarus (ISSN 0019-1035), vol. 59, Aug. 1984, p. 199-204, DOI: 10.1016/0019-1035(84)90023-X
This image is a USGS controlled photomosaic of Iapetus, compiled from Voyager 1 and 2 images. We believe this 1992 image was created either form the RAND control network provided here, or from an updated version of the same network.
- Brent Archinal
- USGS Astrogeology Science Center
- Added to Astropedia
- 3 November 2015
- 13 April 2018
Created as part of a project to put planetary geodesy control networks on the web. The Iapetus Voyager control network data here was originally provided by Merton Davies and Tim Colvin of the RAND Corporation. Funds were provided for a conversion and archiving effort by the NASA Planetary Geology and Geophysics Program and the NASA Cartography Program.
- Geospatial Data Presentation Form
- Control Network
- Native Data Set Environment
- ISIS v3, ISIS v2
Contact and Distribution
- Access Instructions
Contained in the ZIP file are the necessary data to open the RAND solution of the Iapetus control network in the ISIS2 qmatch format (.mat) and in its original RAND solution format.
The ZIP file contains all necessary ISIS2 data to re-create the control network including ISIS2-formatted images. Scripts are provided to re-generate these images from PDS (.imq) format into the ISIS2 (.cub) format, if necessary.
Iapetus_control_images.zip – All Voyager I & II images in the Iapetus control network, formatted as ISIS2 (.cub) files.
Control Network in RAND and ISIS2 qmatch (.mat) formats:
che06.dat – RAND solution residual output file.
iaxy0.dat – RAND solution image measurements (mm and pixels) input file.
iaxy0.mat – RAND solution image measurements (mm and pixels) in ISIS2 qmatch match point format.
version the line and sample columns have been transposed, and no data are altered.
inp06.dat – RAND solution “poles, points, and positions” a priori input file.
mea06.dat – RAND solution image measurements (mm) input file.
out06.dat – RAND solution “poles, points, and positions” output file.
mat2cnet. In this version, the exponential notation is expressed with E+/E- rather than D+/D-. Unused ‘junk’ spaces and hidden characters have also been removed; no data were altered.
par06.dat – RAND solution program operation control input file.
Documentation and Information:
Iapetus_image_list.txt – Text file listing all Voyager I & II images in the Iapetus control network. These images are
archived at pds.nasa.gov in PDS (.imq) format. Scripts to process these into ISIS2 (.cub) format are included here.
iaxy0_ISIS2_lev0_script – ISIS2 image processing script that converts PDS-formatted (.imq) images to the ISIS2 (.cub)
ISIS-PG-FMT101_XXxy0_dat – Description of format of file iaxy0.dat (in PDF format).
ISIS-PG-FMT101_XXxy0_mat – Description of format of file iaxy0.mat (in PDF format).
ISIS-PG-FMT501_parXX_dat – Description of format of file par06.dat (in PDF format).
ISIS-PG-FMT502_outXX_dat – Description of format of file out06.dat (in PDF format).
ISIS-PG-FMT503_meaXX_dat – Description of format of file mea06.dat (in PDF format).
ISIS-PG-FMT511_cheXX_dat – Description of format of file che06.dat (in PDF format).
Data Status and Quality
- Completeness Report
This is a global control network of Iapetus, and incorporates most of the usable images from the Voyager I and II missions.
- Process Description
RAND solution files from the 1980’s are provided as *.dat files. The conversion to ISIS2 match point format (.mat) was performed in 2003 without making corrections or adjustments to the network.
- Source Originator
- Davies, M. E. and Katayama, F. Y.
- Source Title
- The control network of Iapetus
- Source Online Linkage
- Type of Source Media
- Direct Spatial Reference Method
- Quad Name
- Horizontal Coordinate System Units