Astrogeology Science Center

Kaguya MI Olivine Mosaic (partial)
Kaguya MI Olivine Mosaic (partial)
Kaguya MI Plagioclase Mosaic (partial)
Kaguya MI Plagioclase Mosaic (partial)
Kaguya MI 750nm Mosaic (partial)
Kaguya MI 750nm Mosaic (partial)

This page introduces the Kaguya Multiband Imager derived spectral and derived mineral maps by the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) and the University of Hawaii. The mosaics were created from topographically-corrected MI reflectance data acquired by the JAXA SELENE/Kaguya mission (see Ohtake et al., 2013) from the Kaguya Archive MI MAP processing level version 2 (MI MAP_02) products.

The Multiband Imager has 9 spectral bands, at 415, 750, 900, 950, 1001 nm (UVVIS camera) and 1000, 1050, 1250, 1550 nm (NIR camera). The reflectance has been corrected for the shading effects of topography by the SELENE team, as explained in Ohtake et al. (2013), and corresponds to the MAP processing level version 2 (MI_MAP_02) described in Kaguya (SELENE) Product Format Description – Lunar Imager/Spectrometer (LISM (TC/MI/SP)) / SPICE Kernel, version 1.3 (2010). These mosaics are available at 512ppd (pixel/degree) or 59mp (meters/pixel), covering the latitude range of +/-65 degrees from this URL: https://planetarymaps.usgs.gov/mosaic/Lunar_MI_multispectral_maps/

These MI multispectral images have also been used to derive 9 new maps of the four common lunar minerals using Hapke’s radiative transfer equations, FeO, OMAT, submicroscopic iron, the plagioclase grains size, and the weighted criteria calculated to identify the best spectral match between each Multiband Imager spectrum and a spectral library (Lemelin et al., 2018). These products (listed below) are available at 512ppd (pixel/degree) or 59mp (meters/pixel), covering the latitude range of +/-50 degrees due to the difficulty of applying adequate corrections for topographic shading at higher latitudes. Preparation details and information on limitations of these products will be presented in a future publication (in review).

All mosaic presented here have been resampled to 512 ppd (59 meters/pixel) or 128ppd (237 meters/pixel) from its original resolution of 2048 ppd (15 meters/pixel).

Mosaics are available in GeoTiff and the MI mineral maps also have PDS3 and ISIS3 headers. PDS4 labels for all images are in the works.

For usage rights, please refer to the JAXA Conditions for material usage page ( http://jda.jaxa.jp/en/service.php ) and please credit JAXA and the SELENE/Kaguya data. ©JAXA/SELENE

References:

Lemelin, M., Lucey, P.G., L.R. Gaddis, T. Hare, and M. Ohtake, 2016, Global map products from the Kaguya Multiband Imager at 512 ppd: Minerals, FeO and OMAT, 47th LPSC, abs. #2994. http://www.hou.usra.edu/meetings/lpsc2016/pdf/2994.pdf

Lemelin, M., P. G. Lucey, E. Song, and G. J. Taylor (2015), Lunar central peak mineralogy and iron content using the Kaguya Multiband Imager: Reassessment of the compositional structure of the lunar crust, J. Geophys. Res. Planets, 120, 869–887. doi:10.1002/2014JE004778. data: https://astrogeology.usgs.gov/search/map/Moon/Kaguya/MI/SELENE_Multiband_Imager_CentralPeak_Mosaics_052815

Ohtake, M., C.M. Pieters, P. Isaacson, S. Besse, Y. Yokota, T. Matsunaga, J. Boardman, S. Yamamoto, J. Haruyama, M. Staid, U. Mall, R.O. Green (2013), One Moon, Many Measurements 3: Spectral reflectance, Icarus, Volume 226, Issue 1, 364–374.

Ohtake, M., J. Haruyama, T. Matsunaga, Y. Yokota, T. Morota, C. Honda and the LISM team (2008), Performance and scientific objectives of the SELENE (KAGUYA) Multiband Imager, Earth Planets Space, 60, 257-264. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.icarus.2013.05.010

Taylor, L. A., C. Pieters, A. Patchen, D. S. Taylor, R. V. Morris, L. P. Keller, and D. S. McKay (2010), Mineralogical and chemical characterization of lunar highland soils: Insights into the space weathering of soils on airless bodies, J. Geophys. Res., 115, E02002, doi:10.1029/2009JE003427.

Alternative Download Links:

Kaguya MI Mosaics

Kaguya Lunar Multiband Imager (MI) Derived Weighted Criteria Value 50N50S (512ppd) 59mpp thumbnail

Kaguya Lunar Multiband Imager (MI) Derived Weighted Criteria Value 50N50S (512ppd) 59mpp

This mosaic represents the weighted criteria values associated with a…

Kaguya Lunar Multiband Imager (MI) Derived Plagioclase Weight Percent 50N50S (512ppd) 59mpp thumbnail

Kaguya Lunar Multiband Imager (MI) Derived Plagioclase Weight Percent 50N50S (512ppd) 59mpp

This mosaic represents the abundance of the mineral plagioclase on…

Kaguya Lunar Multiband Imager (MI) Derived Plagioclase Grain Size 50N50S (512ppd) 59mpp thumbnail

Kaguya Lunar Multiband Imager (MI) Derived Plagioclase Grain Size 50N50S (512ppd) 59mpp

This mosaic represents the grain size of the mineral plagioclase on…

Kaguya Lunar Multiband Imager (MI) Derived Orthopyroxene Weight Percent 50N50S (512ppd) 59mpp thumbnail

Kaguya Lunar Multiband Imager (MI) Derived Orthopyroxene Weight Percent 50N50S (512ppd) 59mpp

This mosaic represents the abundance of the mineral orthopyroxene on…

Kaguya Lunar Multiband Imager (MI) Derived Optical Maturity (OMAT) 50N50S (512ppd) 59mpp thumbnail

Kaguya Lunar Multiband Imager (MI) Derived Optical Maturity (OMAT) 50N50S (512ppd) 59mpp

This mosaic represents the optical maturity (OMAT) of the surface of…

Kaguya Lunar Multiband Imager (MI) Derived Olivine Weight Percent 50N50S (512ppd) 59mpp thumbnail

Kaguya Lunar Multiband Imager (MI) Derived Olivine Weight Percent 50N50S (512ppd) 59mpp

This mosaic represents the abundance of the mineral olivine on the…

Kaguya Lunar Multiband Imager (MI) Derived FeO Weight Percent 50N50S (512ppd) 59mpp thumbnail

Kaguya Lunar Multiband Imager (MI) Derived FeO Weight Percent 50N50S (512ppd) 59mpp

This mosaic represents the abundance of iron (Fe) on the surface of…

Kaguya Lunar Multiband Imager (MI) Derived Clinopyroxene Weight Percent 50N50S (512ppd) 59mpp thumbnail

Kaguya Lunar Multiband Imager (MI) Derived Clinopyroxene Weight Percent 50N50S (512ppd) 59mpp

This mosaic represents the abundance of the mineral clinopyroxene on…

Kaguya Lunar Multiband Imager (MI MAP) Derived SMFe Abundance 50N50S (512ppd) 59mpp thumbnail

Kaguya Lunar Multiband Imager (MI MAP) Derived SMFe Abundance 50N50S (512ppd) 59mpp

This mosaic represents Kaguya Multiband Imager (MI) derived…

SELENE/Kaguya Multiband Imager Reflectance Mosaic (MAP), Global, 750nm 128ppd (237m) thumbnail

SELENE/Kaguya Multiband Imager Reflectance Mosaic (MAP), Global, 750nm 128ppd (237m)

This Multiband Imager 750nm mosaic is topographically corrected…