Astrogeology Science Center

Education

  • Ph.D. Geology - August 2004 - University of Nevada Reno, Reno, NV
    • Dissertation: Surface Mineral Mapping at Virginia City and Steamboat Springs, Nevada with Multi-Wavelength Infrared Remote Sensing Image Data
  • M.S. Geology - June 1995 - University of Georgia, Athens, GA
    • Thesis: Laser Microprobe Study of Sulfur Isotope Micro-Variations in a Sea Floor Hydrothermal Vent East Pacific Rise, 21o N Latitude
  • B.S. Geology - May 1992 - Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA

Research

Current Research Interests

  • Application of quantitative remote sensing techniques to the study of dynamic geologic and environmental processes, with an emphasis on volcanic and geothermal phenomena - on Earth and the Jovian moon, Io
  • Remotely monitoring volcanic activity (thermal features, gas emissions, ground deformation) using multi-sensor VNIR/SWIR and TIR data, e.g., ASTER, Hyperion, MODIS, Landsat, MASTER, FLIR, etc.
  • Remote spectroscopic compositional mapping for mineral, geothermal, and planetary exploration, and geologic mapping using a synthesis of remote sensing and field-based VNIR/SWIR and TIR spectral data
  • Development of future Earth observing satellite sensors, e.g., HyspIRI, for studying and monitoring Earth's active volcanoes and geothermal areas

Research Experience

U.S. Geological Survey, Astrogeology Science Center

Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA

  • California Institute of Technology Postdoctoral Scholar (October 2004 - October 2007)
    • ASTER and MASTER Science Program - Analysis and modeling of laboratory, airborne, and spaceborne remote sensing data for geological applications
  • Consulting Scientist (June 2002 - February 2004)
    • EOS Validation Program - Validation of MODIS and ASTER land surface temperature and surface emissivity data products using in situ surface measurements at Lake Tahoe, CA/NV

Planetary Science Institute, Tucson, AZ

  • Affiliate Scientist (June 2007 - October 2009)

University of Navada Reno, Reno, NV

  • NASA Graduate Student Reasearch Program (GSRP) Research Fellow (June 2001 - August 2004)
    • Synthesis of Hyperspectral and Multispectral Image Data for the Identification of Fossil and Active Sulfate Deposits

Honors and Awards

  • UNR, Mackay School of Mines, Outstanding Ph.D. student in Geology, 2002
  • UNR, Graduate Student Association, Outstanding Graduate Student Award, 2002
  • NASA Graduate Student Research Program (GSRP) Fellowship, 2001
  • UNR, Graduate Student Association Merit Grant Scholarship, 2000
  • Phi Kappa Phi Honor Society, 1993 - 1996
  • Student Researcher, Alvin dives to 9° - 10° N, East Pacific Rise, April 1994
  • Outstanding Graduate Teaching Award, University of Georgia, 1993 - 1994
  • Indiana University Field Camp Scholarship, 1991

Media Appearances

Service

Teaching, Education, and Public Outreach

I am available throughout the year to give in-school presentations to K-12 students and teachers, and typically volunteer to give a public lecture during the Flagstaff Festival of Science every September.

Professional Affiliations 

Publications

Peer-Reviewed Papers

  • Vaughan, R.G., Heasler, H., Jaworowski, C., Lowenstern, J.B., and Keszthelyi, L.P. (2014), Provisional maps of thermal areas in Yellowstone National Park, based on satellite thermal infrared imaging and field observations: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2014–5137, 22 p., dx.doi.org/10.3133/sir20145137.
  • Vaughan, R.G., Keszthelyi, L.P., Lowenstern, J.B., Jaworowski, C., Heasler, H. (2012)  Use of ASTER and MODIS Thermal Infrared Data to Quantify Heat Flow and Hydrothermal Change at Yellowstone National Park, Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 233-234, 72-89, doi:10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2012.04.022.
  • Wessels, R.L., Vaughan, R.G., Patrick, M., and Coombs, M. (2012) High-resolution satellite and airborne thermal infrared imaging of precursory unrest and 2009 eruption at Redoubt Volcano, Alaska. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 259, 248-269, doi:10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2012.04.014.
  • Vaughan, R.G. and Webley, P. W. (2010) Satellite observations of a surtseyan eruption: Hunga Ha'apai, Tonga, Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 198, 177-186, doi:10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2010.08.017.
  • Kervyn, M., Ernst, G.G.J., Keller, J., Vaughan, R.G., Klaudius, J., Pradal, E., Belton, F., Mattsson, H.B., Mbede, E., and Jacobs, P. (2010) Fundamental changes in the activity of the natrocarbonatite volcano Oldoinyo Lengai, Tanzania: II. Eruptive behavior during the 2007–2008 explosive eruptions. Bulletin of Volcanology, 72(8), 913-931, doi:10.1007/s00445-010-0360-0.
  • Vaughan, R.G., Keszthelyi, L.P., Davies, A.G., Schneider, D.J., Jaworowski, C., Heasler, H. (2010) Exploring the Limits of Identifying Sub-pixel Thermal Features using ASTER TIR Data, Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 189(3-4), 225-237, doi:10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2009.11.010.
  • Davies, A.G., Calkins, J., Scharenbroich, L., Vaughan, R.G., Wright, R., Kyle, P., CastaƄo, R., Chien S., and Tran, D. (2008) Multi-instrument Remote and in situ Observations of the Mount Erebus Volcano (Antarctica) Lava Lake in 2005: A Comparison with the Pele Lava Lake on the Jovian Moon Io, Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 177, 705-724, doi:10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2008.02.010.
  • Vaughan, R.G., Kervyn, M., Realmuto, V.J., Abrams, M.J., and Hook, S.J. (2008) Satellite Thermal Infrared Measurements of Recent Volcanic Activity at Oldoinyo Lengai, Tanzania, Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 173, 196-206, doi:10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2008.01.028.
  • Inamdar, A.K., French, A., Hook, S., Vaughan, R.G., and Luckett, W. (2008) Land Surface Temperature (LST) Retrieval at High Spatial and Temporal Resolutions over the Southwestern United States, Journal of Geophysical Research, 113, D07107, doi:10.1029/2007JD009048.
  • Vaughan, R.G., Abrams, M.J., Hook, S.J., and Pieri, D.C. (2007) Satellite Observations of New Volcanic Island in Tonga, EOS, 88(4), 37, 41, doi: 10.1029/2007EO040002.
  • Vaughan, R.G. and Hook, S.J. (2006) Using Satellite Data to Characterize the Temporal Thermal Behavior of an Active Volcano: Mount St. Helens, WA, Geophysical Research Letters, 33, L20303, doi:10.1029/2006GL027957.
  • Hook, S.J., Vaughan, R.G., Abtahi, A., Richards, R.C., and Schladow, S.G. (2006) Absolute Radiometric In-Flight Validation of Mid and Thermal Infrared Data from ASTER and MODIS Using the Lake Tahoe Ca/NV, USA Automated Validation Site, IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 45(6), part 2, 1798-1807.
  • Vaughan, R.G., Hook, S.J., Ramsey, M.S., Realmuto, V.J. and Schneider, D. J. (2005) Monitoring Eruptive Activity at Mount St. Helens with TIR Image Data, Geophysical Research Letters, 32(19), L19305, doi:10.1029/2005GL024112. [including cover image and dynamic video content]
  • Vaughan, R.G., Hook, S.J., Calvin, W.M., and Taranik, J.V. (2005) Surface Mineral Mapping at Steamboat Springs, Nevada with Multi-Wavelength Thermal Infrared Images, Remote Sensing of Environment, ASTER Special Issue, 99(1-2), 140-158, doi:10.1016/j.rse.2005.04.030.
  • Vaughan, R.G., Calvin, W.M., and Taranik, J.V. (2003) SEBASS Hyperspectral Thermal Infrared Data: Surface Emissivity Measurement and Mineral Mapping, Remote Sensing of Environment, 85, 48-63, doi:10.1016/S0034-4257(02)00186-4.
  • Kizis, J.A., Bruff, S.R., Crist, E.M., Mough, D.C., and Vaughan, R.G. (1997) Empirical geologic modeling in intrusion-related gold exploration: an example from the Buffalo Valley Area, Northern Nevada, SEG Newsletter, 30, July 1997.
  • Crowe, D.E. and Vaughan, R.G. (1996) Standardization method for sulfur isotope analysis of SO2 from sulfides with laser microprobe, American Mineralogist, Jan - Feb 1996.

Book Chapters

  • Vaughan, R.G., Titus, T.N., Johnson, J.R., Hagerty, J.J., Gaddis, L., Soderblom. L.A., and Geissler, P. (2012) Hyperspectral Analysis of Rocky Surfaces on the Earth and Other Planetary Systems. Chapter 27 in: Hyperspectral Remote Sensing of Vegetation, Eds: Prasad S. Thenkabail, John G. Lyon, and Alfredo Huete, Taylor & Francis Group, LLC., 705 pp.
  • Taranik, J.V., Coolbaugh, M.F., and Vaughan, R.G. (2009) An Overview of Thermal Infrared Remote Sensing with Applications to Geothermal and Mineral Exploration in the Great Basin, Western United States: Chapter 5 In: Reviews in Economic Geology, v.16, Remote Sensing and Spectral Geology,  Editors: R. Bedell, A. Crosta and E. Grunsky, Society of Economic Geologists Inc., Littleton, CO,  pp.41 - 57.  ISBN 978-1-934969-13-7.

Meeting Proceedings

  • Vaughan, R.G., Lowenstern, J.B., Keszthelyi, L.P., Jaworowski, C., Heasler, H. (2012) Mapping Temperature and Radiant Geothermal Heat Flux Anomalies in the Yellowstone Geothermal System using ASTER Thermal Infrared Data, Geothermal Resources Council Transactions, Sept-Oct, 2012, Reno, NV.
  • Vaughan, R.G. and Calvin, W.M. (2005) Mapping Weathering and Alteration Minerals in the Comstock and Geiger Grade Areas Using Visible to Thermal Infrared Airborne Remote Sensing Data, in Rhoden, H.N., Steininger, R.C., and Vikre, P.G., eds., Geological Society of Nevada Symposium 2005: Window to the World, Reno, Nevada, May 2005, 1035–1054.
  • Calvin, W.M., Coolbaugh, M., Kratt, C., and Vaughan, R. (2005) Application of remote sensing technology to geothermal exploration, in Rhoden, H.N., Steininger, R.C., and Vikre, P.G., eds., Geological Society of Nevada Symposium 2005: Window to the World, Reno, Nevada, May 2005, 1083–1089.
  • Vaughan, R.G. and Calvin, W.M. (2004) Synthesis of High-Spatial Resolution Hyperspectral VNIR/SWIR and TIR Image Data for Mapping Weathering and Alteration Minerals in Virginia City, Nevada, 2004 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS) Proceedings, 20-24 September 2004, Anchorage, Alaska, CD ROM.
  • Vaughan, R.G., Calvin, W.M. (2004) Mapping Weathering and Alteration Minerals in Virginia City, Nevada with AVIRIS and HyperSpecTIR, Proceedings of the 13th Airborne Geoscience Workshop, JPL publication, Pasadena, California.
  • Vaughan, R.G. and Calvin, W.M. (2001) Mapping Alteration Minerals With SEBASS Hyperspectral Thermal Infrared Data, 5th International Airborne Remote Sensing Conference, San Francisco, California.
  • Vaughan, R.G., Calvin, W.M., and Taranik, J.V. (2001) Semi-quantitative Analysis of Sub-pixel Mixing in High-altitude AVIRIS Data Using Systematic Field-based Observations, Proceedings of the 10th Airborne Geoscience Workshop, JPL publication 02-1, Pasadena, California.
  • Vaughan, R.G., Calvin, W.M., Smailbegovic, A., and Taranik, J.V. (2000) Analysis of Mineral Alteration in the Virginia Range, Nevada, with SEBASS Hyperspectral Thermal Infrared Data, 14th International Conference and Workshops in Applied Geologic Remote Sensing, Las Vegas, Nevada.
  • Calvin, W.M., Vaughan, R.G., Taranik, J.V., and Smailbegovic, A. (2000) Spectral Analysis of SEBASS Data: Atmospheric Correction, Calibrated Surface Emissivity and Mineral Mapping, 14th International Conference and Workshops in Applied Geologic Remote Sensing, Las Vegas, Nevada. 
  • Smailbegovic, A., Vaughan, R.G., Calvin, W.M., and Taranik, J.V. (2000) Analysis of Hyperspectral Thermal Infrared Data from SEBASS for Mapping Hydrothermal Alteration and Hot Spring Deposits on Geiger Grade and Steamboat Springs, Nevada, 14th International Conference and Workshops in Applied Geologic Remote Sensing, LAs Vegas, Nevada.
  • Taranik, J.V., Smailbegovic, A., and Vaughan, R.G. (2000) Geological Utility of ASTER, MASTER, TIMS, and SEBASS Multiband Thermal Data, 14th International Conference and Workshops in Applied Geologic Remote Sensing, Las Vegas, Nevada.

Abstracts

  • Vaughan, R.G., Worssam, J., and Vaughan, A.F. (2014) Opportunities for Scientists to Engage the Public and Inspire Students in Science, AGU, Fall 2014 Meet. Suppl., ED53C-3494, #26761.
  • Vaughan, R.G., Lowenstern, J.B., Heasler, H., Jaworowski, C., and Keszthelyi, L.P. (2014) Mapping and Measuring Thermal Areas in Yellowstone using ASTER and Landsat 8 Thermal Infrared Data. AGU, Fall 2014 Meet. Suppl., NH11B-3696, #25336.
  • Vaughan, R.G., Keszthelyi, L.P., and Davies, A.G. (2014) Remotely Retrieving Reliable Lava Eruption Temperatures Using a Calibrated Multispectral VNIR Camera: Implications for Monitoring Volcanism on Io and Earth, Abstracts with Programs, Geological Society of America, 46(6), session T233, #248954.
  • Vaughan, R.G. and Beuttel, B. (2013) Modeling Seasonal thermal Radiance cycles for Change Detection at Volcanic / Geothermal Areas, AGU, Fall 2013 Meet. Suppl.
  • Vaughan, R.G. and Keszthelyi, L.P. (2012) Use of VNIR Camera System to Estimate Lava Temperature, AGU, Fall 2012 Meet. Suppl.
  • Beuttel, B., Vaughan, R.G., and Ort, M. (2012) Measuring and Monitoring Volcanic Crater Lake Temperature and Heat Flux using Spaceborne Thermal Infrared Remote Sensing, AGU, Fall 2012 Meet. Suppl.
  • Wessels, R., Vaughan, R.G., Patrick, M.R., and Ramsey, M.S. (2012) Remote Monitoring of Persistent Thermal Features at Volcanoes: A Survey of Alaskan Volcanoes Using Satellite and Airborne Thermal Infrared, AGU, Fall 2012 Meet. Suppl.
  • Vaughan, R.G., Keszthelyi, L.P., Lowenstern, J.B., Heasler, H., Jaworowski, C. (2011)  Measuring and Monitoring Heat Flow and Hydrothermal Changes in the Yellowstone Geothermal System using ASTER and MODIS Thermal Infrared Data. AGU, Fall 2011 Meet. Suppl.
  • Vaughan, R.G., Keszthelyi, L.P., Heasler, H., Jaworowski, C., Lowenstern, J.B., and Schneider, D.J. (2010) Thermal Infrared Remote Sensing of the Yellowstone Geothermal System. AGU, Fall 2009 Meet. Suppl.
  • Master, S., Vaughan R.G., and Fransson, F. (2008) First Direct Observation of the Generation, Trans-oceanic Transport, and Stranding of Dacitic Pumice Rafts in the South Pacific: the August 2006 Eruption of Home Reef, Tonga, Abstracts, 33rd International Geological Congress, Oslo, Norway, 4-14 August 2008.
  • Taranik, J.V., Aslett, Z., Vaughan, R.G., and Riley, D.N. (2008) Development of Hyperspectral Thermal Remote Sensing for Geologic Applications, Abstracts, 33rd International Geological Congress, Oslo, Norway, 4-14 August 2008.
  • Vaughan, R.G., Abrams, M.J., Kervyn, M. and Hook, S.J. (2007) ASTER Observations of Recent Thermal Activity and Explosive Eruption at Oldoinyo Lengai, Tanzania, AGU, Fall 2007 Meet. Suppl.
  • Calvin, W.M., Vaughan, R.G., Kratt, C., and Schoffner, J.D. (2007) Mapping Sulfate Systems using Advanced Remote Sensing Techniques, Geological Society of America, Abstracts with Programs, 39(6), Denver CO.
  • Calvin, W.M., Vaughan, R.G., Kratt, C., and Shoffner, J.D. (2006) Mapping Sulfates in Nevada Using Reflected, Emitted, Multi-Spectral and Hyperspectral Systems. LPI Contributions, 1331, 25
  • Vaughan, R.G., Hook, S.J. and Davies, A.G. (2006) Spaceborne Thermal Infrared Measurements of Volcanic Thermal Features, Eos Trans. AGU, 87(52), Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract H32D-05.
  • Vaughan, R.G. and Hook, S.J. (2006) Using ASTER, MODIS and MASTER Data to Monitor Volcanoes, PacRim AIRSAR Significant Results Symposium and South-East Asia GeoHazards Workshop, Kuala Lumpur, 26-30th June 2006.
  • Vaughan, R.G. and Hook, S.J. (2006) Using ASTER Data to Characterize the Temporal Thermal Behavior of Mount St. Helens, WA, ASTER Science Applications Workshop, Tokyo, Japan, June 9, 2006.
  • Vaughan, R.G., Hook, S.J., Ramsey, M.S., Realmuto, V.J. and Schneider, D. (2005) Remotely Monitoring Volcanic Activity at Mount St. Helens with Thermal Infrared Data, Geological Society of America, Abstracts with Programs, 37(7), Salt Lake City, UT.
  • Vaughan, R.G., Wessels, R., Ramsey, M.S. (2005) Monitoring Renewed Volcanic Activity at Mount St. Helens with High-Resolution Thermal Infrared Data: ASTER, MASTER and FLIR, Eos Trans. AGU, Fall Meet. Suppl.
  • Calvin, W.M., Coolbaugh, M.C., and Vaughan, R.G. (2002) Thermal Infrared Remote Sensing for Geothermal Site Characterization, Abstracts with Programs, Geological Society of America, 34, session # 242-4, p. 551.
  • Vaughan, R.G., Calvin, W.M., and Hook, S.J. (2002) Thermal Infrared Surface Mineral Mapping at Steamboat Springs, Nevada: Comparison of Airborne and Field Spectral Measurements, Eos Trans. AGU, 83(47), Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract #P62B-07, pg. F285.
  • Vaughan, R.G., Calvin, W.M., Hook, S.J., and Taranik, J.V. (2002) Mapping Acid Sulfate Alteration of Basaltic Andesite with Thermal Infrared Data, 33rd Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, Houston, TX.
  • Calvin, W.M., Vaughan, R.G., Taranik, J., and Smailbegovic, A. (2001) Acid Sulfate Alteration of Basaltic Andesites: A Case Study near Reno, Nevada. In Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (Vol. 32, p. 1379).
  • Calvin, W.M. and Vaughan R.G. (2001) Analogs of Alteration of Basaltic Andesite: Application to the Martian Northern Lowlands, Eos Trans. AGU, 82(47), Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract #P52B-0582.
  • Vaughan, R.G. and Calvin, W.M. (2001) Multispectral and Hyperspectral Thermal Infrared Imaging for Mineral Mapping: Comparison of MASTER and SEBASS, GSA abstracts with programs, Boston, MA.
  • Calvin, W.M., Taranik, J.V., Vaughan, R.G., Dykstra, J.D., and Jengo, C.M. (2001) Evaluation of New Commercial Hyperspectral Sensors for Mapping Mineral Alteration in Virginia City, Nevada, GSA abstracts with programs, Boston, MA.
  • Vaughan, R.G. and Crowe, D.E. (1994) Sulfur isotope zonation within 21o N hydrothermal conduits: laser microprobe data, AGU abstracts, San Francisco, CA.
  • Crowe, D.E. and Vaughan, R.G. (1994) Advances in the SO2 laser microprobe technique: development of a new standardization method, AGU abstracts, San Francisco, CA.
  • Vaughan, R.G., Brotman, I., Louis, H.J., Hirst, T., Goyea, E., Brotman, D., Louis, J., and Garver, S. (1991) The steady state flow of a chilled carbonated fluid through a ¼ inch inside-diameter, high density polyethylene tube under the dynamic pressure of a non-compressible piston, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA, (data are still being collected).