USGS

The Venus Geologic Mappers' Handbook




Recommended Reading




The following topical lists provide comprehensive references pertinent to geologic mapping of Venus. Particularly note three special journal issues describing the Magellan mission and data and preliminary science results:

"Magellan At Venus," 1991, Science, v. 252, p. 181-344.

"Magellan At Venus," 1992, Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 97, nos. E8 and E10.




Geologic Mapping: Philosophy, Style, and Conventions

Batson, R.M., 1990, Cartography, in Greeley, Ronald, and Batson, R.M., Planetary Mapping: New York, Cambridge University Press, p. 60-95.

Fienen, M.N., Schaber, G.G., and Tanaka, K.L., 1992, Experimental mapping of the V36 quadrangle of Venus, based on Magellan data: Abstracts of papers submitted to the 23rd Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, LPI, Houston, p. 353-354.

Hansen, W.R. (ed.), 1991, Suggestions to Authors of the Reports of the United States Geological Survey, 7th ed.: Washington, D.C., U.S. Government Printing Office, 289 p.

Harrison, J.M., 1963, Nature and significance of geological maps, in Albritton, C.C., The Fabric of Geology: San Francisco, Freeman, p. 225-232.

Irvine, T.N., Rumble, Douglas, and Irvine, L.M., 1992, A writing guide for petrological (and other geological) manuscripts: Journal of Petrology, 46 p.

Milton, D.J., 1975, Geologic map of the Lunae Palus quadrangle of Mars: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Investigations Series Map I-894, scale 1:5,000,000.

Morris, E.C., and Tanaka, K.L., in press, Geologic maps of the Olympus Mons region of Mars: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Investigations Series Map I-2327, scales 1:2,000,000 and 1:1,000,000.

North American Commission on Stratigraphic Nomenclature, 1983, North American stratigraphic code: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 67, no. 5, p. 841-875.

Reynolds, M.W., Queen, J.E., Ratcliffe, N.M., Escowitz, E.C., Taylor, R.B., Davis, J.B., and Scott, W.E., in press, Cartographic and digital standards for earth science publications--principles, symbols, colors, patterns, codes, and formats: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 90-0001.

Sandwell, D.T., and Schubert, Gerald, 1992, Flexural ridges, trenches, and outer rises around coronae on Venus: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 97, no. E10, p. 16,069-16,084.

Schaber, G.G., 1990, Venus: Quantitative analyses of terrain units identified from Venera 15/16 data and described in open-file report 90-24: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 90-468, 25 p., 34 figs.

Schaber, G.G., and Kozak, R.C., 1990, Geologic/Geomorphic and Structure Maps of the Northern Quarter of Venus: U.S. Geologic Survey Open-File Report 90-24, 1:15,000,000 scale.

Scott, D.H., and Tanaka, K.L., 1986, Geologic map of the western equatorial region of Mars: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Investigations Series Map I-1802-A, scale 1:15,000,000.

Sukhanov, A.L., and 11 others, 1989, Geomorphic/geologic map of part of the northern hemisphere of Venus: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Investigations Series Map I-2059, scale 1:15,000,000.

Tanaka, K.L., and Schaber, G.G., 1992, Can a time-stratigraphic system be developed for Venus?: in Papers presented to the International Colloquium on Venus, Pasadena, Calif., August 10-12, 1992, LPI Contribution No. 789, p. 20-21.

Wilhelms, D.E., 1990, Geologic mapping, in Greeley, Ronald, and Batson, R.M., Planetary Mapping: New York, Cambridge University Press, p. 208-260.

Witbeck, N.E., Tanaka, K.L., and Scott, D.H., 1991, Geologic map of the Valles Marineris region, Mars: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Investigations Series Map I-2010, scale 1:2,000,000.




Overviews of Magellan Mission, Sensors, and Data Products

Johnson, W.T.K., 1991, Magellan imaging radar mission to Venus: IEEE Proc., v. 79, pp. 777-790.

Pettengill, G.H., Ford, P.G., Johnson, W.T.K., Raney, R.K., and L.A. Soderblom, 1991, Magellan: Radar performance and data products: Science, v. 252, pp. 260-265.

Saunders, R.S., Pettengill, G.H., Arvidson, R.E., Sjogren, W.L., Johnson, W.T.K., and Pieri, L., 1990, The Magellan Venus Radar Mapping Mission: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 95, p. 8339-8355.

Saunders, R.S., and 26 others, 1992, Magellan Mission summary: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 97, no. E8, p. 13,067-13,090.

Young, Carolynn (ed.), 1990, The Magellan Venus Explorer's Guide: JPL Publication 90-24, 197 p., topographic map insert.




General Geology and Topography of Venus

Basilevsky, A.T., and Head, J.W., 1988, The geology of Venus: Annual Reviews of Earth and Planetary Science, v. 16, p. 295-317.

Leberl, F.W., Maurice, K.E., Thomas, J.K., Leff, C.E., and Wall, S.D., 1992, Images and topographic relief at the north pole of Venus: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 97, no. E8, p. 13,667-13,674.

Leberl, F.W., Thomas, J.K., and Maurice, K.E., 1992, Initial results from the Magellan stereo experiment: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 97, no. E8, p. 13,675-13,689.

Saunders, R.S., Arvidson, R.E., Head, J.W. III, Schaber, G.G., Stofan, E.R., and Soloman, S.C., 1991, An overview of Venus geology: Science, v. 252, p. 249-251.

Saunders, R.S., and Stofan, E.R., 1991, Magellan: Progress on a global geologic reconnaissance map of Venus: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, 1991 Annual Meeting, San Diego, California, p. A399-A400.

Schaber, G.G., 1990, Venus: Quantitative analyses of terrain units identified from Venera 15/16 data and described in open-file report 90-24: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 90-468, 25 p., 34 figs.

Solomon, S.C., and Head, J.W., 1991, Fundamental issues in the geology and geophysics of Venus: Science, v. 252, p. 252-260.

Sukhanov, A.L., and 11 others, 1989, Geomorphic/geologic map of part of the northern hemisphere of Venus: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Investigations Series Map I-2059, scale 1:15,000,000.

Tanaka, K.L., and Schaber, G.G., 1992, Can a time-stratigraphic system be developed for Venus?: in Papers presented to the International Colloquium on Venus, Pasadena, Calif., August 10-12, 1992, LPI Contribution No. 789, p. 20-21.




Impact Craters and Resurfacing History of Venus

Arvidson, R.E., Grimm, R.E., Phillips, R.J., Schaber, G.G., and Shoemaker, E.M., 1991, On the nature and rate of resurfacing of Venus: Geophysical Research Letters, v. 17, p. 1385-1388.

Asimow, P.D., and Wood, J.A., 1992, Fluid outflows from Venus impact craters: Analysis from Magellan data: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 97, no. E8, p. 13,643-13,666.

Basilevsky, A.T., and 7 others, 1987, Impact craters on Venus: A continuation of the analysis of data from the Venera 15 and 16 spacecraft: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 92, p. 12,869-12,901.

Campbell, D.B., and 7 others, 1992, Magellan observations of extended impact crater related features on the surface of Venus: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 97, no. E10, p. 16,249-16,278.

Ivanov, B.A., 1990, Venusian impact craters of Magellan images: View from Venera 15/16: Earth, Moon, and Planets, v. 50/51, p. 159-173.

Ivanov, B.A., and Basilevsky, A.T., 1987, A comparison of crater retention ages on the Earth and Venus: Solar System Research, v. 21, p. 84-89.

Ivanov, B.A., Basilevsky, A.T., Kryuchkov, V.P., and Chernaya, I.M., 1986, Impact craters on Venus: Analysis of Venera 15 and 16 data: Proceedings Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 16th, part 2, Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 91, suppl., p. D414-D430.

Ivanov, B.A., Nemchinov, I.V., Svetsov, V.A., Provalov, A.A., Khazins, V.M., and Phillips, R.J., 1992, Impact cratering on Venus: Physical and mechanical models: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 97, no. E10, p. 16,167-16,182.

Melosh, H.J., 1989, Impact cratering--A geologic process: Oxford Monographs on Geology and Geophysics No. 11, New York, Oxford University Press, 245 p.

Phillips, R.J., Arvidson, R.E., Boyce, J.M., Campbell, D.B., Guest, J.E., Schaber, G.G., and Soderblom, L.A., 1991, Impact craters on Venus: Initial analysis from Magellan data: Science, v. 252, p. 288-296.

Phillips, R.J., Raubertas, R.F., Arvidson, R.E., Sarkar, I.C., Herrick, R.R., Izenberg, Noam, and Grimm, R.E. 1992, Impact craters and Venus resurfacing history: Journal of Geophysical, no. E10, p. 15,923-15,948.

Schaber, G.G., Shoemaker, E.M., and Kozak, R.C., 1987, The surface age of Venus: Use of the terrestrial cratering record (in Russian): Astronomicheskiiy Vestnik, v. 21, p. 144-150. (Also in English: Solar System Research, v. 21, p. 89-94, 1987)

Schaber, G.G., and 9 others, Geology and distribution of impact craters on Venus: What are they telling us?: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 97, no. E8, p. 13,257-13,302.

Schultz, P.H., 1992, Atmospheric effects on ejecta emplacement and crater formation on Venus from Magellan: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 97, no. E10, p. 16,183-16,248.




Volcanism on Venus

Baker, V.R., Komatsu, Goro, Parker, T.J., Gulick, V.C., Kargel, J.S., and Lewis, J.S., 1992, Channels and valleys on Venus: Preliminary analysis of Magellan data: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 97, no. E8, p. 13,421-13,444.

Campbell, B.A., and Campbell, D.B., 1992, Analysis of volcanic surface morphology on Venus from comparison of Arecibo, Magellan, and terrestrial airborne radar data: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 97, no. E10, p. 16,293-16,314.

Guest, J.E., and 8 others, 1992, Small volcanic edifices and volcanism in the plains of Venus: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 97, no. E10, p. 15,949-15,966.

Head, J.W., and 7 others, 1991, Venus volcanism: Initial analysis from Magellan data: Science, v. 252, p. 276-288.

Head, J.W., Crumpler, L.S., Aubele, J.C., Guest, J.E., and Saunders, R.S., 1992, Venus volcanism: Classification of volcanic features and structures, associations, and global distribution from Magellan Data: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 97, no. E8, p. 13,153-13,198.

McKenzie, Dan, Ford, P.G., Liu, Fang, and Pettengill, G.H., 1992, Pancakelike domes on Venus: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 97, no. E10, p. 15,967-15,976.

McKenzie, D., McKenzie, J.M., and Saunders, R.S., 1992, Dike emplacement on Venus and on Earth: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 97, no. E8, p. 15,977-15,990.

Moore, H.J., Plaut, J.J., Schenk, P.M., and Head, J.W., 1992, An unusual volcano on Venus: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 97, no. E8, p. 13,479-13,494.

Pavri, Betina, Head, J.W., Klose, K.B., and Wilson, Lionel, 1992, Steep-sided domes on Venus: Characteristics, geologic setting, and eruption conditions from Magellan data: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 97, no. E8, p. 13,445-13,478.

Roberts, K.M., Guest, J.E., Head, J.W., and Lancaster, M.G., 1992, Mylitta Fluctus, Venus: Rift-related, centralized volcanism and the emplacement of large-volume flow units: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 97, no. E10, p. 15,991-16,016.

Senske, D.A., Schaber, G.G., and Stofan, E.R., 1992, Regional topographic rises on Venus: Geology of Western Eistla Regio and comparison to Beta Regio and Atla Regio: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 97, no. E8, p. 13,395-13,420.




Structure, Tectonism, and Geophysics on Venus

Ananda, M.P., Sjogren, W.L., Phillips, R.J., Wimberly, R.N., and Bills, B.G., 1980, A low-order global gravity field of Venus and dynamical implications: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 85, no. A13, p. 8303-8318.

Banerdt, W.B., 1986, Support of long-wavelength loads on Venus and implications for internal structure: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 91, no. B1, p. 403-419.

Banerdt, W.B., and Golombek, M.P., 1988, Deformational models of rifting and folding on Venus: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 93, p. 4759-4772.

Banerdt, W.B., and Sammis, C.G., 1992, Small-scale fracture patterns on the volcanic plains of Venus: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 97, no. E10, p. 16,149-16,166.

Bills, B.G., Kiefer, W.S., and Jones, R.L., 1987, Venus gravity: A harmonic analysis: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 92, no. B10, p. 10,335-10,351.

Bills, B.G., and Kobrick, M., 1985, Venus topography: A harmonic analysis: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 90, no. B1, p. 827-836.

Bindschadler, D.L., and Parmentier, E.M., in press, Mantle flow tectonics: The influence of a ductile lower crust and implications for the formation of topographic uplands on Venus: Journal of Geophysical Research.

Bindschadler, D.L., deCharon, Annette, Beratan, K.K., Smrekar, S.E., and Head, J.W., 1992a, Magellan observations of Alpha Regio: Implications for formation of complex ridged terrains on Venus: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 97, no. E8, p. 13,563-13,578.

Bindschadler, D.L., Schubert, Gerald, and Kaula, W.M., 1990, Mantle flow tectonics and the origin of Ishtar Terra, Venus: Geophysical Research Letters, v. 17, p. 1345-1348.

Bindschadler, D.L., Schubert, Gerald, and Kaula, W.M., 1992b, Coldspots and hotspots: Global tectonics and mantle dynamics of Venus: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 97, no. E8, p. 13,495-13,532.

Grimm, R.E., and Phillips, R.J., 1992, Anatomy of a Venusian hot spot: Geology, gravity, and mantle dynamics of Eistla Regio: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 97, no. E10, p. 16,035-16,054.

Herrick, R.H., and Phillips, R.J., 1992, Geological correlations with the interior density structure of Venus: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 97, no. E10, p. 16,017-16,034.

Janes, D.M., Squyres, S.W., Bindschadler, D.L., Baer, Gidon, Schubert, Gerald, Sharpton, V.L., and Stofan, E.R., 1992, Geophysical models for the formation and evolution of coronae on Venus: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 97, no. E10, p. 16,055-16,068.

Johnson, C.L., and Sandwell, D.T., 1992, Joints in Venusian lava flows: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 97, no. E8, p. 13,601-13,610.

Kaula, W.M., 1990, Venus: A contrast in evolution to Earth: Science, v. 247, p. 1191-1196.

Kaula, W.M., 1990, Mantle convection and crustal evolution on Venus: Geophysical Research Letters, v. 17, p. 1401.

Kaula, W.M., Bindschadler, D.L., Grimm, R.E., Hansen, V.L., Roberts, K.M., and Smrekar, S.E., 1992, Styles of deformation in Ishtar Terra and their implications: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 97, no. E10, p. 16,085-16,121.

McKenzie, Dan, Ford, P.G., Johnson, Catherine, Parsons, Barry, Sandwell, D.T., Saunders, R.S., and Solomon, S.C., 1992, Features on Venus generated by plate boundary processes: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 97, no. E8, p. 13,533-13,544.

Phillips, R.J., Grimm, R.E., and Malin, M.C., 1991, Hot-spot evolution and the global tectonics of Venus: Science, v. 252, p. 651-658.

Sandwell, D.T., and Schubert, Gerald, 1992, Flexural ridges, trenches, and outer rises around coronae on Venus: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 97, no. E10, p. 16,069-16,084.

Smrekar, S.E., and Solomon, S.C., 1992, Gravitational spreading of high terrain in Ishtar Terra, Venus: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 97, no. E10, p. 16,121-16,148.

Solomon, S.C., and Head, J.W., 1991, Fundamental issues in the geology and geophysics of Venus: Science, v. 252, p. 252-260.

Solomon, S.C., and 7 others, 1991, Venus tectonics: Initial analysis from Magellan: Science, v. 252, p. 297-312.

Solomon, S.C., and 10 others, 1992, Venus tectonics: An overview of Magellan observations: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 97, no. E8, p. 13,199-13,256.

Squyres, S.W., Janes, D.M., Baer, Gidon, Bindschadler, D.B., Schubert, Gerald, Sharpton, V.L., and Stofan, E.R., 1992a, The morphology and evolution of coronae on Venus: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 97, no. E8, p. 13,611-13,634.

Stofan, E.R., Sharpton, V.L., Schubert, Gerald, Baer, Gidon, Bindschadler, D.L., Janes, D.M., and Squyres, S.W., 1992, Global distribution and characteristics of coronae and related features on Venus: Implications for origin and relation to mantle processes: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 97, no. E8, p. 13,347-13,378.

Squyres, S.W., Jankowski, D.G., Simons, Mark, Solomon, S.C., Hagar, B.H., and McGill, G.E., 1992b, Plains tectonism on Venus: The deformation belts of Lavinia Planitia: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 97, no. E8, p. 13,579-13,600.

Suppe, John, and Connors, Chris, 1992, Critical taper wedge mechanics of fold-and-thrust belts on Venus: Initial results from Magellan: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 97, no. E8, p. 13,545-13,562.

Vorder Bruegge, R.W., and Head, J.W., 1989, Fortuna Tessera, Venus: Evidence of horizontal convergence and crustal thickening: Geophysical Research Letters, v. 16, p.699-702.

Zuber, M.T., 1987, Constraints on the lithospheric structure of Venus from mechanical models and tectonic surface features: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 92, no. B4, p. E541-E551.

Zuber, M.T., 1990, Ridge Belts: Evidence for regional- and local-scale deformation on the surface of Venus: Geophysical Research Letters, v. 17, p. 1369-1372.




Surface Properties and Modification on Venus

Arvidson, R.E., V.R. Baker, C. Elachi, R.S. Saunders, and J.A. Wood, 1991, Magellan: Initial analysis of Venus surface modification: Science, v. 252, p. 270-275.

Arvidson, R.E., and 7 others, 1992, Surface modification of Venus as inferred from Magellan observations of plains: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 97, no. E8, p. 13,303-13,318.

Greeley, Ronald, and Marshall, J.R., 1985, Transport of Venusian rolling `stones' by wind: Nature, v. 313, p. 771-773.

Greeley, Ronald, Marshall, J.R., and Leach, R.N., 1984, Microdunes and other aeolian bedforms on Venus: Wind tunnel simulations: Icarus, v. 60, p. 152-160.

Greeley, Ronald, Marshall, J.R., and Pollack, J.B., 1987, Venus: Physical and chemical modification of the surface by windblown particles: Nature, v. 327, p. 313-315.

Greeley, Ronald, and 10 others, 1992, Aeolian features on Venus: Preliminary Magellan results: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 97, no. E8, p. 13,319-13,346.

Klose, K.B., Wood, J.A., and Hashimoto, A., 1992, Mineral equilibria and the high radar reflectivity of Venus mountain tops: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 97, no. E10, p. 16,353-16,370.

Malin, M.C., 1992, Mass movements on Venus: Preliminary results from Magellan cycle 1 observations: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 97, no. E10, p. 16,337-16,352.

Marshall, J.R., Greeley, Ronald, and Tucker, D.W., 1988, Aeolian weathering of Venusian surface materials: Preliminary results from laboratory simulations: Icarus, v. 74, p. 495-515.

Pettengill, G.H., Ford, P.G., and Wilt, R.J., 1992, Venus surface radiothermal emission as observed by Magellan: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 97, no. E8, p. 13,091-13,102.

Tyler, G.L., Ford, P.G., Campbell, D.B., Elachi, Charles, Pettengill, G.H., and Simpson, R.A., 1991, Magellan: Electrical and physical properties of Venus: Science, v. 252, p. 265-270.

Tyler, G.L., Simpson, R.A., Maurer, M.J., and Holmann, Edgar, 1992, Scattering properties of the Venusian surface: preliminary results from Magellan: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 97, no. E8, p. 13,115-13,139.

Tryka, K.A., and Muhleman, D.O., 1992, Reflection and emission properties on Venus: Alpha Regio: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 97, no. E8, p. 13, 379-13,394.




Non-Magellan Radar and Other Data



Earth-based results

Arvidson, R.E., Plaut, J.J., Jurgens, R.F., Saunders, R.S., and Slade, M.A., 1990, Geology of southern Guinevere Planitia, Venus based on analysis of Goldstone radar data: Proceedings Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 20th, p. 557-572.

Campbell, D.B., and Burns, B.A., 1980, Earth-based radar imagery of Venus: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 85, no. A13, p. 8271-8281.

Campbell, D.B., Head, J.W., Hine, A.A., Harmon, J.K., Senske, D.A., and Fisher, P.C., 1989, Styles of volcanism on Venus: New Arecibo high resolution radar data: Science, v. 246, p. 373-377.

Goldstein, R.M., Green, R.R., and Rumsey, H.C., 1976, Venus radar images: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 81, p. 4807-4817.

_______1978, Venus radar brightness and altitude images: Icarus, v. 36, p. 334-362.

Jurgens, R.F., Goldstein, R.M., Rumsey, H.R., and Green, R.R., 1980, Images of Venus by three-station radar interferometry - 1977 results: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 85, no. A13, p. 8282-8294.

Jurgens, R.F., Slade, M.A., and Saunders, R.S., 1988, Evidence for highly reflecting materials on the surface and subsurface of Venus: Science, v. 240, p. 1021-1023.

Jurgens, R.F., and 8 others, 1988, High resolution images of Venus from ground-based radar: Geophysical Research Letters, v. 15, p. 577-580.

Plaut, J.J., Arvidson, R.E., and Jurgens, R.F., 1990, Radar characteristics of the equatorial plains of Venus from Goldstone Observations: Implications to interpretation of Magellan data: Geophysical Research Letters, v. 17, p. 1357-1360.

Venera and Vega overviews

Barsukov, V.L., and Basilevsky, A.T., 1986, The Geology of Venus, translation of "Geologiya Venery", Priroda, v. 6: in NASA TM-88567, p. 24-35.

Barsukov, V.L., and 29 others, 1986, The geology and geomorphology of The Venus surface as revealed by the radar images obtained by Veneras 15 and 16: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 91, p. D378-D398.

Basilevsky, A.T., Nikolaeva, O.V., and Weitz, C.M., 1992, Geology of the Venera 8 landing site region from Magellan data: Morphological and geochemical considerations, Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 97, no. E10, p. 16,315-16,335.

Basilevsky, A.T., Pronin, A.A., Ronca, L.B., Kryuchkov, V.P., and Sukhanov, A.L., 1986, Styles of tectonic deformations on Venus: Analysis of Venera 15 and 16 data: Proceedings Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 16th, part 2, Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 91, suppl., p. D399-D411.

Bindschadler, D.L., Head, J.W., and Garvin, J.B., 1986, Vega landing sites: Venera 15/16 unit analogs from Pioneer Venus reflectivity and RMS slope data: Geophysical Research Letters, v. 13, p. 1415-1418.

Kotelnikov, V.A., Bogomolov, A.F., and Rzhiga, O.N., 1985, Radar study of Venus surface by Venera-15 and -16 spacecraft: Advances in Space Research, v. 5, p. 2-16.

See also:

"Geology and Tectonics of Venus," Earth, Moon, and Planets, 1990, v. 50/51, p. 3-578.

Earth, Moon, and Planets, 1990, v. 55, no. 2, p. 97-214.

Pioneer Venus results

Bindschadler, D.L., and Head, J.W., 1989, Characterization of Venera 15/16 geologic units from Pioneer Venus reflectivity and roughness data: Icarus, v. 77, p. 3-20.

Davis, P.A., Kozak, R.C., and Schaber, G.G., 1986, Global radar units on Venus derived from statistical analysis of Pioneer Venus Orbiter radar data: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 91, no. B5, p. 4979-4992.

Ford, P.G., and Senske, D.A., 1990, The radar scattering properties of Venus landforms: Geophysical Research Letters, v. 17, p.

Head, J.W., Peterfreund, A.R., Garvin, J.B., and Zisk, S.W., 1985, Surface characteristics of Venus derived from Pioneer Venus altimetry roughness and reflectivity measurements: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 90, no. B8, p. 6873-6885.

Masursky, Harold, Eliason, Eric, Ford, P.G., McGill, G.E., Pettengill, G.H., Schaber, G.G., and Schubert, Gerald, 1980, Pioneer Venus radar results: Geology from images and altimetry: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 85, no. A13, p. 8232-8260.

Pettengill, G.H., Eliason, Eric, Ford, P.G., Loriot, G.B., Masursky, Harold, and McGill, G.E., 1980, Pioneer Venus radar results: Altimetry and surface properties: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 85, no. A13, p. 8261-8270.

Pettengill, G.H., Ford, P.G., and Chapman, B.D., 1988, Venus: Surface electromagnetic properties: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 93, p. 14,881-14,892.

Sjogren, W.L., Phillips, R.J., Birkeland, P.W, and Wimberly, R.N., 1980, Gravity anomalies on Venus: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 85, no. A13, p. 8295-8302.

See also:

"Pioneer Venus Special Issue," Journal of Geophysical Research, 1980, v. 85, no. A13, p. 7573-8337.




Terrestrial and Lunar Radar Remote Sensing and Geologic Applications

Arvidson, R.E. and 9 others, 1992, Characterization of lava flow degradation in the Pisgah and Cima volcanic fields, California, using Landsat thematic mapper and AIRSAR data: Geological Society of America Bulletin, in press.

Avery, T.E., and Berlin, G.L., 1992, Fundamentals of Remote Sensing and Airphoto Interpretation (5th ed.): Macmillan Publishing Co., New York, 472 p.

Blom, R.G., 1988, Effects of variation in look angle and wavelength in radar images of volcanic and aeolian terrains, or now you see it, now you don't: International Journal of Remote Sensing, v. 9, p. 945-965.

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